Occasionally I knew the name Phuntso Wangye(平措汪杰), or Phunwang(平汪) from Dr. Goldstein’s homepage. That’s a man with really miserable yet brave and interesting life.
Phuntso Wangye is the founder of Tibetan Communist Party, which was merged into CCP in the eve of Liberation of China and Tibet. From 1940 to 1949, Phunwang fighted against Liu Wenhui in Kham area and penetrated into Lhasa’s lay elites to motivate social reform. Phunwang was the intermediator between Chinese and Tibetan goverment for 17-Points Agreement, the one who led PLA into Lhasa city and the then translator between Mao Zedong and Dalai Lama. From 1958 to 1960, with the deteriorate Tibet situation, Phunwang’s position was challenged by hard line elements in CCP led by Fan Ming. Phunwang was arrested in 1960. After that he was put into jail and treated inhumanly for 18 years.
However Phunwang’s cause didn’t end at the point. After being released, he worked mainly as a scholar in area of philosophy and astronomy at Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. In 1990 he published his work New Study on Dialectic based on his thoughts and works in prison. Besides scholarship life, Phunwang still stood with his Tibetan people and actively monitored current events. As a member in standing committee of NPC, Phunwang continued to impact the China’s policy on minority nations especially Tibetan. For example, in 2003 he wrote a letter to Premier Wen Jiabao to stop the constuction of dam above Yeti Lake in Ganzi Automonous Perfecture.
In 2004, A Tibetan Revolutionary by Dr. Goldstein et al. was published which gave a detail and full view of the life of this legendary Khampas. I am looking forward to the Chinese version of the book.
Phunwang’s life immediately prompts me to another revolutionary, Ms. Xie Xuehong(谢雪红). It really needs a thorough and objective study on how Marxism affected on those young persons, how Communist evoluted and distorted and how the original revolution dream is betrayed. Again, the life of Phunwang leaves us more questions than answers.